Friday, 26 October 2012

Installing Oracle AIA 11g Foundation Pack on Linux 64bit

Installing Oracle AIA 11g Foundation Pack on Linux 64bit

Installation of Oracle Application Intergration Architecture Foundation Pack (AIA) 11g including Oracle SOA Suite 11g with Oracle BAM 11g on Oracle Database XE 10g and Linux 64bit.

  1. This demo will be performed within VMware image. Personally, I don't recommend to install AIA11g on 32bit OS.
  2. An image: Oracle Enterprise Linux 5U4 (64bit), 4GB of swap and 6GB of RAM, 20GB of disk space.
  3. Oracle Database: Express Edition 10g, only for development purposes and saving resources in vmware env.
  4. Download software from Oracle downlod website and only from Oracle.
  5. SOA 11g R1 Patch Set 1 ( is required for AIA 11gR1.
  6. Use of Service Registry (11gR1) and Enterprise Repository (11gR1) is optional (not covered in this demo).
  7. AIA 11g R1 Certification Matrix is available here.
  8. AIA 11g R1 (software and docs) is available at eDelivery here:
    AIA 11g at eDelivery
  9. This tutorial also covers ORACLE BAM since it is included in SOA Suite 11g

Download software and place it into /home/oracle/stage directory: Database
If you don't already have an Oracle database installed, choose Oracle Express Edition for a small footprint database. (Oracle XE is suitable for development only. Ignore the warning during installation about the database version as that pertains to production installations.)

Oracle Database 10g Release 2 ( Express Edition for Linux x86

Oracle WebLogic Server 11gR1 (10.3.2) 64bit - Package Installer  (Additional Platforms, file: wls1032_generic.jar)

Repository Creation Utility (

SOA Suite Generic: 1.7 GB (Nov-2009)

Oracle AIA 11gR1 ( Linux x86
  • Let's roll:
Install the following software in the order it is shown.
  1. Install oracle database (Oracle XE 10g only for DEV)
  2. Install WebLogic Server 10.3.2
  3. Execute Repository Creation Utility
  4. Install SOA Suite 11g
  5. Install AIA 11g
  6. Uninstall AIA 11g
1. Install Oracle Database

Make sure that hostname is being set properly; if not - configure /etc/hosts:

[root@hostname ~]# cat /etc/hosts yourhostname.local yourhostname
  • Installing oracle xe:
[root@hostname ~]# rpm -ivh /mnt/repository/stage/oracle/Oracle11GDB/oracle-xe-\(2\).rpm
[root@hostname ~]# /etc/init.d/oracle-xe configure
Oracle Database 10g Express Edition Configuration
This will configure on-boot properties of Oracle Database 10g Express
Edition.  The following questions will determine whether the database should
be starting upon system boot, the ports it will use, and the passwords that
will be used for database accounts.  Press <Enter> to accept the defaults.
Ctrl-C will abort.
Specify the HTTP port that will be used for Oracle Application Express [8080]:
Specify a port that will be used for the database listener [1521]:
Specify a password to be used for database accounts.  Note that the same
password will be used for SYS and SYSTEM.  Oracle recommends the use of
different passwords for each database account.  This can be done after
initial configuration: *****
Confirm the password:*****
Do you want Oracle Database 10g Express Edition to be started on boot (y/n) [y]:y
Starting Oracle Net Listener...Done
Configuring Database...Done
Starting Oracle Database 10g Express Edition Instance...Done
Installation Completed Successfully.
To access the Database Home Page go to ""
  • To start/stop the database manually:
[oracle@hostname ~]$ /usr/lib/oracle/xe/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/server/config/scripts/
[oracle@hostname ~]$ /usr/lib/oracle/xe/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/server/config/scripts/
  • To start the SQL*Plus console (GUI in Gnome)
TIP: Start xserver  and create launcher on your desktop (Gnome):
Launcher's path: /usr/lib/oracle/xe/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/server/config/scripts/

Configure database:

Below setting will prevent from error RCU-6083 during the Repository Creation.
DB Init Param Prerequisite failure for: processes Required Value = 200, Current Value = 40 ...

Run SQL*Plus and connect as SYSDBA

[oracle@hostname ~]$ /usr/lib/oracle/xe/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/server/config/scripts/
SQL*Plus: Release - Production on Sun Jun 12 22:18:13 2010
Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
SQL> connect / as sysdba
SQL> alter system set processes=200 scope=spfile;
SQL> startup force
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area  805306368 bytes
Fixed Size                  1261444 bytes
Variable Size             213909628 bytes
Database Buffers          587202560 bytes
Redo Buffers                2932736 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

2. Install WebLogic Server 10.3.2
Before we start, java jdk must be installed.
Download JDK from here jdk-6u20-linux-x64-rpm.bin (
Install jdk-6u20-linux-x64:
[oracle@hostname ~]$ su -
[root@hostname ~]# chmod +x jdk-6u20-linux-x64-rpm.bin
[root@hostname ~]# ./jdk-6u20-linux-x64-rpm.bin
[root@hostname ~]# exit

Run WebLogic Installer
[oracle@hostname ~]$ cd /home/oracle/stage/SOASuite
[oracle@hostname SOASuite]$ ls -la
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 945517652 Jun 12 13:15 wls1032_generic.jar
[oracle@hostname SOASuite]$ /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_20/bin/java -d64 -jar wls1032_generic.jar


3. Execute Repository Creation Utility

[oracle@hostname SOASuite]$ unzip
[oracle@hostname SOASuite]$ cd rcuHome/bin
[oracle@hostname bin]$ ./rcu

4. Install SOA Suite 11g

Run The Oracle Installer to install SOA Suite 11g

[oracle@hostname ~]$ cd /home/oracle/stage
[oracle@hostname stage]$ unzip -d soa11g
[oracle@hostname ~]$ cd /home/oracle/stage/soa11g/Disk1
[oracle@Disk1]$ ./runInstaller
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...
Please specify JRE/JDK location ( Ex. /home/jre ), <location>/bin/java should exist :
Specify the following path: /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_20 and hit enter;

Configure SOA Suite (including BAM) by creating domains - Administration and Managed Server in WebLogic

[oracle@host bin]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/Middleware/Oracle_SOA1/common/bin/
[oracle@host bin]$ ./

Start Administration & Managed Server (soa_server1, bam_server1) for SOA 11g R1

  • Manual Start: Admin Server
[oracle@hostname ~]$ export SOA_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/Middleware
[oracle@hostname ~]$ $SOA_HOME/user_projects/domains/soa_domain/bin/
  • Starting SOA Server
[oracle@hostname ~]$ $SOA_HOME/user_projects/domains/soa_domain/bin/ soa_server1
  • Starting BAM Server (optional, don't start for AIA installation - it saves system resources)
[oracle@hostname ~]$ $SOA_HOME/user_projects/domains/soa_domain/bin/ bam_server1

TIP: In order to make your servers starting without asking for the usename and the password create security directory and file in each of these directories:

[oracle@hostname ~]$ export SOA_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/Middleware
[oracle@hostname ~]$ mkdir -p $SOA_HOME/user_projects/domains/soa_domain/servers/soa_server1/security
[oracle@hostname ~]$ mkdir -p $SOA_HOME/user_projects/domains/soa_domain/servers/bam_server1/security
[oracle@hostname ~]$ touch $SOA_HOME/user_projects/domains/soa_domain/servers/soa_server1/security/
[oracle@hostname ~]$ touch $SOA_HOME/user_projects/domains/soa_domain/servers/bam_server1/security/

Fill in all files with appropriate entries; username and password:
Validate the installation; login to weblogic dashboards:
  • http://hostname:7001/
  • http://hostname:7001/em/
  • http://hostname:7001/console/
  • http://hostname:9001/OracleBAM (Sorry folks, Internet Explorer only)

5. Install AIA 11g

Before we launch the AIA Installer we need to configure some settings.
  • To configure JVM parameters:
Navigate to <Middleware home>/user_projects/domains/<domain_name>/bin. In Linux update the following parameters in the file. Search for the string USER_MEM_ARGS and modify as necessary.

[oracle@hostname ~]$ vi /u01/app/oracle/product/Middleware/user_projects/domains/soa_domain/bin/
USER_MEM_ARGS="-Xms2048m -Xmx2048m -XX:PermSize=256m -XX:MaxPermSize=512m -XX:AppendRatio=3 -XX:NewSize=1228m -XX:MaxNewSize=1228m -XX:SurvivorRatio=10"
Next, search for WLS_JDBC_REMOTE_ENABLED="-Dweblogic.jdbc.remoteEnabled=false" - set it to "true" and save changes.
  • Increasing Memory to avoid Compilation Errors
To avoid out-of-memory errors during compilation of a SOA composite application, you need to increase the following memory settings.

To increase memory settings:
open the ant-sca-compile.xml file in the SOA_HOME/bin directory.
[oracle@hostname ~]$ vi /u01/app/oracle/product/Middleware/Oracle_SOA1/bin/ant-sca-compile.xml
#Under the scac element, increase the following memory settings
<jvmarg value="-Xms2048m"/>
<jvmarg value="-Xmx2048m"/>
<jvmarg value="-XX:PermSize=32m"/>
<jvmarg value="-XX:MaxPermSize=256m"/>

Restart Admin Server or entire SOA infrastructure and we are ready to run the AIA installer.
  • Make sure that Node Manager is up and running.
To check this open WebLogic Server Administration Console and  navigate to Environment > Machines > LocalMachine > Tab: Monitoring > Tab: Node Manager Status

We should see - Status: Reachable and Version: 10.3

Otherwise start it up manually by issuing the following command:

[oracle@hostname ~]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/Middleware/wlserver_10.3/server/bin/
[oracle@uranus bin]$ ./

TIP: Ensuring Correct Settings for Node Manager Startup
To ensure correct settings for Node manager startup:
  1. Navigate to the $MW_HOME/wlserver_10.3/common/nodemanager.
  2. Open the file and verify the value for StartScriptEnabled=true
  3. If you changed the above value, restart Node Manager by navigating to $MW_HOME/wlserver_10.3/server/bin and using the appropriate commands.
  4. While starting the node manager, ensure that you set the listen address different from "localhost". It is preferred to give the fully qualified name of the machine or the IP address.
Temporary change on jdk home in order to avoid errors during AIA installation; do it as a root user:
[root@hostname ~]$ chown oracle:oinstall -R /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_20


[oracle@hostname ~]$ cd /home/oracle/stage
[oracle@hostname ~]$ unzip Oracle\ AIA\ 11gR1\ \(\)\ Linux\ x86\ -d AIA11g
[oracle@hostname ~]$ cd /home/oracle/stage/AIA11g/cd/Disk1/
[oracle@hostname ~]$ ./runInstaller
Specify the following path and hit enter:  /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_20

We are done with AIA 11g installation!

Rollback temporary changes on jdk home (as root user):

[root@hostname ~]$ chown root:root -R /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_20

Validate AIA installation. Navigate to the AIA Console http://<server name>:<port number>/AIA/
  • http://hostname:8001/AIA (dont' forget to open ports on firewall)

  • http://hostname:7001/
  • http://hostname:7001/em/
  • http://hostname:7001/console/
  • http://hostname:9001/OracleBAM (Sorry folks, Internet Explorer only!)
  • http://hostname:8001/AIA

6. Uninstalling AIA 11g
In order to uninstall AIA 11g (3.0) navigate to $AIA_HOME oui/bin directory and run the installer with uninstall flag:

[oracle@host bin]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/Middleware/AIA30/oui/bin/
[oracle@host bin]$ ./ -deinstall
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...
- Follow the installer to uninstall AIA application from the server.
2. Login to Enterprise Manager 11g Fusion Middleware Control ( http://hostname:7001/em ) and undeploy all "AIA..." components.

3. Next, clean the database.

- Shutdown WebLogic Server
- drop AIA schemas within the database:

5. Delete $AIA_HOME directory if the installer didn't do it.

[oracle@host bin]$ rm -rf /u01/app/oracle/product/Middleware/AIA30

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